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Разработка и проведение экскурсий на иностранном языке СПО
1 ТРЕНИНГ ВСЕ ПРАВИЛЬНЫЕ!!!
Having been at an interesting, well-prepared excursion, the participants show interest in the chosen topics in their future. Such a tour is the beginning of work at self-education for many of them.
-Shaping of interests
What are the common features of all the excursions?
-Visibility, visual perception, showing excursion objects on their location.
The length of time for tours from one academic hour (45 minutes) up to one day.
The presence of tourists (groups or individuals).
Moving the tour participants on a predetermined route.
Presence of a guide conducting the tour.
Focus display objects, the presence of a specific tour theme.
Activism of the trippers (observation, studying, studying the tour objects).
What is the function of expanding of cultural horizons in the excursion?
-Sightseers acquire knowledge in various fields of art, architecture, literature, science, etc.
Выберите события, о которых экскурсоводу следует рассказать в связи с указанным экскурсионным объектом.
-Historical event or a specific figure, in whose honor the monument was erected
What is the difference between the excursion and other major media (radio, television, lectures, etc.)?
-Much of the information which the guide expounds during the excursion is confirmed by showing the objects themselves.
Government House (White House) in Moscow
-Historical events passed in the building or near the place.
What is the function of formation of interests in the excursion?
-To give the excursionists knowledge on a topic and arouse the interest of tourists to the chosen theme of the excursion.
Excursion in accordance with its own theme should contain information on a particular section of knowledge (for example, about the work of an artist / sculptor / writer, the achievements of modern science, about the discoveries of archaeologists, about new inventions and achievements in any field, etc.
-Function of information
The aim of an excursion is to satisfy the spiritual needs of people. The Ability to select a tour theme according to their interests and needs makes an excursion a popular and interesting way of cultural and leisure activities.
-Function of organization of cultural activities
What is the purpose of museum education?
-The purpose of museum education is to enhance the visitors ability to understand and appreciate museum collections.
What is an excursion?
-An excursion is a trip by a group of people, usually made for leisure, education, or physical purposes.
What is a field trip or excursion?
-A field trip or excursion is a journey by a group of people to a place away from their normal environment. The purpose of the trip is usually observation for education.
With the world’s most expensive average hotel rates, Moscow is not a cheap place. The city is flush with international luxury hotels, but more affordable hotels are few and far between. Fortunately, a slew of hostels have opened in Moscow, so budget travellers have plenty of options. And more midrange options are also appearing, usually in the form of mini-hotels.
What is the function of information in the excursion?
-Excursion in accordance with its own theme should contain information on a particular section of knowledge.
What is the specific feature of the museum excursion?
-Obligatory acquaintance with the materials located on the museum stands.
The guide must build his story basing on the scientific theory. The material presented in the tour must be consistent with life and reality.
-Function of scientific propaganda
What is the specific feature of the production excursion?
-Obligatory demonstration of existing facilities.
The memory of the atrocities of Ivan the Terrible keeps even the most beautiful church of Russia - St. Basil's Cathedral, which stands near the Kremlin on Red Square. It was built by architects Barma and Faster to honor military victories of Ivan the Terrible. And even then people in different countries called it the "Wonder of the World", an unprecedented creation of human hands. However, a popular legend says that Ivan the Terrible cruelly repaid the masters for their labor."Can you build a cathedral more beautiful?" - He asked the masters. "Sure!" - They said." Gouge out their eyes, such a beautiful cathedral will never be created any more" - the king commanded.
Excursionists acquire knowledge in various fields of art, architecture, literature, science, etc.
-Function of feature of cultural horizons
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4 ТРЕНИНГ ВСЕ ПРАВИЛЬНЫЕ!!!
How must the group and the guide stand at the object?
-All the group must stand so that each of the sightseers could see the object itself and the guide, in turn the guide also must see his group and the examined object.
What is the essence of the prior examination method?
-The guide describes the object and gives the excursionists some time for self-reference with its overall view. This examination lasts no more than 1.5-2 minutes and it is not accompanied by any story of the guide. This method is commonly used when displaying a panorama of the city, an architectural ensemble, a picturesque landscape, etc.
What techniques help to convey to the sightseers the content of the materials dedicated to the inspected object / objects?
-movement; trippers meeting with participants of the events, recordings listening / watching videos, techniques to enhance the cognitive activities of tourists, various elements of rituals
What is the essence of the tour analysis method?
What is the essence of the events localization method?
-The tour analysis method gives detailed observation of the object as a whole or of its individual parts for a deeper study of the properties. There are three types of analysis tour: art history, history and natural science. The method of localization of the events shows historical events or phenomena in the exact of local circumstances in which they occurred. The story about the recreated event localizes with the words "here", "in this place", "in this direction", etc.
What way does the tour guide spend the most part of the tour time?
-The guide spends the most part of the tour time sitting or standing (in the bus) face to the tourists. But the tour guide sits only on long bus journeys from one object to another, it is usually happens on country tours.
Should the guide talk incessantly?
When should he make a pause if it is necessary?
-The guide should not talk incessantly; there must be pauses in the story. As a rule a pause is made between the individual parts of the story; a story and a excursion refer on the way, between a logical transition and a story about the object and the events associated with it.
Which is the basic principle of an excursion?
-The basic principle of an excursion is a transition from the show to the story. Showing the object / objects takes a leading place in a tour. This is a focused, incremental process of representation by the guide of the object or objects which describes the content of this excursion theme. The show is always being targeted, according to the set cognitive goals.
What is the essence of the visual reconstruction method?
What is the essence of the showing visual aids method?
-The visual reconstruction method is used if the objects or memorable places appear before the sightseers in a modified form, it helps to recover mentally their initial shape. It is used if during the excursions it is not required to recreate rare pictures of the past or the future. This method is used to show memorable places where there were hostilities, popular uprisings, historic meetings or other important events.
The showing visual aids method involves showing by visual aids. Thus it is necessary to consider the size of these benefits meeting certain requirements: they must be clear, unambiguous, neatly executed; the size of paintings, drawings, diagrams or photographs must be 18x24 cm or 24x30 cm so that the sightseers might see them well without getting up from their sits.
What are the methods of a story?
2.description and characteristics of the object
7.wandering off the point
8.questions – answers
When should the guide leave the bus, get into it and warn the sightseers about the bus departure time?
-The guide is the first to leave the bus at the stop and to lead the group to the object. After finishing the inspection of the object, he is the last to get into the bus. If the sightseers purchase souvenirs or inspect an object themselves one more time at the stop, he must warn the sightseers in advance about the bus departure time.
Which is the basis of the general methodology?
-The general methodology is a system of techniques of the show and the story used at the excursion. It is based on the show of the object and the story about it.
What way must be done the representation of the objects?
-The representation of the object / objects must be done sequentially and logically. It is necessary to ensure that each object must be in a continuous communication with the previous one.
Should the guide talk incessantly?
When should he make a pause if it is necessary?
-Almost at every tour there is some times when the sightseers do not watch any objects. In this case, the task of a guide is to fill the silence with the story about the next tour facility. This story should contain brief information about the following object, characteristics of the historical era, literary works, scientific works, a story about cultural figures, etc. If time permits, you can use the "guide portfolio" (illustrations, photographs, etc.).
How should the guide begin any excursion?
-Any excursion begins with an introduction which is to be done at the meeting point of the guide with the group before the beginning of the route.
Which is the main objective of the guide at the excursion?
-The main objective of the guide is the ability to show the objects and then to tell about the objects themselves and the historical events related with the objects.
When and what way are the visual aids shown?
-The visual aids are shown only when it is required by the stated material and only after fully completed statement of the sub-theme, during a pause or while moving from one object to another. The benefits intended to demonstrate the disclosure of the subsequent subtopics of a tour are not shown in advance. The visual aids should not be handed out during the story for more detailed examination.
What should the guide do while moving the group around and inside the object / objects?
-The story of the guide while moving around and inside the object / objects should be kept to a minimum since in this case the show and the independent observation of the object are predominant.
What should the guide do if the tour starts after the designated time for reasons beyond the latter?
-If the tour starts after the designated time for reasons beyond the guide, he needs to reduce the time of the trip, but not at the expense of reducing the number of sub-themes or showing the basic facilities; then it is necessary to delete sub-themes of the story and all the secondary details; all the basic facilities at the same time must always be shown.
May the location of a group vary?
-The location of a group may vary depending on the time of day, weather conditions and the set tasks.
What means movement at the excursion?
-Movement around and inside the object is necessary for better examination, understanding of the essence of the object. It is a sign of a tour and a special instructional technique which helps to observe tour facilities.
What is the main principle of the story at an object?
-The story on a trip always follows the showing of the object and it is targeted. The guide should begin the story only after he has ascertained that all the sightseers can see the object well.
Should the tour guide answer the questions on the content of excursions?
Should the tour guide answer the questions which are not related to the topic of the trip?
When and what way he should do it if it’s his responsibility?
-During the opening speech the tour guide should agree with the sightseers that all the questions on the content of excursions and the responses to them will be given after the tour completion. It is not necessary to provide answers to the questions that are not related to the topic of the trip, is not the responsibility of the guide, but he can advise tours and public literature where the sightseers can find answers to their questions.
How should the guide place the group at the object after exiting the bus?
-After exiting the bus the tour guide immediately determines the location of the group in relation to the inspected object / objects. Several possible options (points) of the arrangement of a group are usually provided. The group should be placed at a remote distance from the object / objects.
What way are citations used during the tour?
-The story should be properly applied by citation. The citations are issued in advance by the guide on small cards (about 11x15 cm, or on a quarter of a sheet of writing paper). The cards are to be numbered and put before the tour in the correct sequence.
What kind of form or forms of movement applies a guide during the tour?
-Movement in a tour can occur in two forms:
1. movement from object to object on a predetermined route;
2. movement for a more detailed, in-depth study of the object (as a methodological procedure), for example, an inspection and a detailed study of the places connected with the historical events when sightseers follow the way of the heroes of the events.
Последний раз редактировалось MaryRozental; 12.08.2016 в 01:48. Причина: Добавлено сообщение
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